In current years many different opinions have been raised against the use of biofuels and their importance in our future energy source. Here is also complete description of history of biofuel.
Liquid biofuels, mostly biodiesel and ethanol, have been considered as other resources to resolve the demanding use of conventional petrol and gasoline from fossil fuels.
Economic, social, and ecological characteristics related to biofuels are general ideas and problems associated with future liquid fuels. Its demands are offered to encourage professionals to contribute to the developing area of energy research.
Encouraging transportation energies are biodiesel, ethanol, biogas, hydrogen, and natural gas. Power and hydrogen are the main energy transporters that can be formed from all energy sources.
Biofuels fuels came from renewable plan-based biological matter such as sunflower, beetroot, cereals, agricultural waste, and forest residues.
Generations of biofuels
- First-generation biofuels are produced from sugar crops, oilseed crops, starch crops, and animal fats.
- Starch crops and sugar and are converted through a fermentation method to make bio alcohols, including ethanol, butanol, and propanol.
- Cellulosic biofuels or second-generation biofuels are produced from cellulose, which is available from non-food crops. It is produced waste biomass like corncobs; corn Stover, straw, wood, and wood byproducts.
- Algae are used third-generation biofuels as a feedstock, and algae biofuels are not, however, made commercially.
Future of Biofuels Production
The increasing global energy demand, the fast decreasing concern of fossil fuels, and has required the production of alternative fuels to substitute conventional fossil fuels.
So to start the removal of greenhouse emissions in the atmosphere, that led to substantial climatic changes.
Therefore currently, the manufacture of economically practicable and environmentally friendly renewable energy fuels is the main global demand.
It shows the potential to replace conventional fuels altogether and reduce the concern of environments.
The use of resourceful microbes to produce renewable energy fuels from the biomass and organic wastes can reduce this threatening concern to an extensive range.
The concern in the making of several biofuels using microbes has been progressively increasing mostly in the current years.
Because of this metabolic variety of different microorganisms that allows the production of biofuels from various substrates.
Such as most of the microorganisms can easily convert sugars into ethanol, and cellulolytic bacteria can use plant-driven substrates.
Biofuel is specifically composed of the increasing demands for food that have the highest developments in agricultural water extractions.
The water biofuel connection is recognized as a strong point of the factors important for the future supportable supply of water and biofuel.
The best way of the issue is important to adopt higher technologies that may improve the use of water for biofuel making effective methods. The importance of technology invention is to save water for the future.
It impacts water capacity and particularly on water quality will be measured in terms of nontoxic protection of the environment.
The responsibility of reusing wastewater and the use of undiluted wastewater to make feedstock for biofuel to save freshwater resources will be considered.
The Encouraging Future of Microalgae
Another threat to the energy sector is the fast reduction of fossil fuel global due to unnecessary energy usages.
With this situation, Microalgae are mentioned as photosynthetically focused single or multi-cellular existing organisms.
The cultivation in the moist environment is either on the dense mud or float on several types of water, like freshwater, seawater, wastewater, salty unused freshwater with the sunlight, or
It is considered as a proper scientific solution for green energy due to some encouraging aspects like multi-functionally, genuine adaptation capability, geologically, and flexibility with .development structure
The cellular components of microalgae are collected from a substantial portion of lipid, protein, and starches subsequent to the driving factors of biofuel production.
Microalgae have just concerned substantial interest globally, due to their wide-ranging use potential in renewable energy, nutraceutical, and biopharmaceutical production.
These are renewable, ecological, and reasonable biofuels sources, bioactive medical products, and ingredients of food.
Most microalgae types have been studied for their potential as value-added products with amazing pharmacological and organic qualities.
Microalgae are reasonable sources for bioenergy and biopharmaceuticals in general. But some limits and research remain, which should be overcome to develop the technology from model-phase to manufacturing level.
The most inspiring and important issues are improving microalgae growing rate and product combination, dewatering algae for the production of biomass.
It pretreats biomass and enhancing the fermentation process of algae bioethanol manufacture.
The current analysis defines the advantages of microalgae for the making of biofuels and different bioactive compounds and converses culturing factors.
Microalgae can endure an extensive range of temperatures, salinities, different light powers, and conditions in pools or deserts and can grow alone or with other organisms.
Advantages of Microalgae
Almost all these advantages from these crops have changed, to harvest and supply energy in the process of oil, and that prepare this more professionally than some other natural or planned process.
Biofuels are an increased production of energy harvests that we are using daily. Everything from ethanol to diesel helps you to remain taking advantage of current infrastructure while decreasing the impact that activities have on the atmosphere.
Here are details why algae are a capable new source of energy and other products in the future
1. Algae grow rapidly than other crops
Algae can increase their quantities many times a day, can be harvested every day, and have the potential to create an amount of biofuel and biomass many times larger than that of our best-growing crops.
In ideal environments, algae farms can form about 4,000 gallons of fuel per acre. This number is much higher than any other renewable feedstock.
2. Algae can provide Excessive Biofuel Harvests
Algae build fuel in the form of greases and starches, which combined with their highest output, it means they can make from 3,000 to as many as 6,000 heaps of biofuels per acre every year.
3. Algae use carbon dioxide
Similar to any other plant, algae, when grown consuming sunlight, or absorb carbon dioxide as they cultivate, releasing oxygen for us to take breaths.
For more production, algae need more carbon dioxide that can be provided by releases sources like energy plants, ethanol services, and other sources.
4. Algae never contest with traditional agriculture
Algae agriculture uses both lands that in many circumstances are incongruous for traditional crop growing, along with water sources that are not functioning for other plants, like the sea, salty, and wastewater.
As such, with algae fuels supplement biofuels made from traditional cultivated processes.
5. Algae can be produced for Fuel and Food
It can be cultivated to have high oil content and protein, which can be used to create both biofuels and animal foods.
Additionally, Microalgae biomass, which is high in micronutrients, is already used for nutritional supplements to improve human health.
6. Algae can be cultivated in the ocean
Microalgae are grown in the marine, or even on land with seawater, and their starches can be adapted into biofuels and substances.
Some sea plants in freshwater supplies that are suitable as microalgae that also harvest oils that we can turn into biofuel. The greases we can produce from these large ranges are related to what microalgae produce.
7. Algae can cleanse wastewaters
Microalgae increase in rich nutrient waters like resident wastewaters or manure, animal wastes, and some manufacturing wastes.
All together are cleansing these wastes, while making biomass appropriate for biofuels production.
8. Algae as a source of Energy
After extraction of oil, the residual Algae biomass can be become dry and used as energy which is combusted in industrial tanks and other fuel generation sources.
These have still components of production that can provide greenhouse gas emissions with this biofuel opportunity.
We can make the best decision to a carbon-neutral atmosphere with a conversion to algae-based substances.
9. Algae can be used to make valuable products
It can be cultivated to form various products for big to small markets like plastics, organic feedstocks, oils, manures, and the same cosmetics.
The greases that we produce from algae making offer biological hydrocarbons that we can improve into various products.
So we can still produce soaps, manures, and food stocks with algae. These wide ranges of products mean that many different productions can advantageous as we refine the methods that help to form biofuel from these products.
10. Algae work with our present supply structure
The network of Pipelines is used to distribute petrol, ethanol, and other energies for consumption all over the world. We can also use this infrastructure to vehicle biofuels from algae.
Even the transportation systems that are ready at present for oil and natural gas could be converted into an improvement that we can use for this ecological product.
We already concern that the ability of biofuels produced from algae has so much potential.
Future of microalgae
Algae biofuel provides you with a possible solution for future transport and energy requirements that produce substantial levels of oil.
It is not a feasible product for all conditions still because manufacture costs remain to stay high.
This product is verified to work, but it is too expensive to produce using recent technology.
The production should continue to search for new methods to most the development process while reducing the time reserves and capital costs that are required to make something working.
So the advantages and disadvantages of algae biodiesel should look to the future rather than what we can achieve with it nowadays